Bobbs-Merrill offered to publish a nonfiction book expanding on the ethical ideas presented in The Fountainhead. Rand sent DeCasseres a letter thanking him for explaining the book's themes about individualism when many other reviewers did not. The Cold Fountainhead sparknotes of Love In The Fountainhead, love, like integrity and invention, is a principle worth fighting for and defending.
Howard Roark is the first such figure in her novels. It is about one man against the system, and it does not permit other matters to intrude. In contrast, Keating's mimicry of convention brings him top honors in school and an immediate job offer. Cameron was once a renowned architect, but now gets few commissions.
Although Rand had some mainstream success previously with her play Night of January 16th and had two previously published novels, The Fountainhead was a major breakthrough in her career.
Wynand is psychologically and morally crushed by the realization that success did not require him to sell his soul to the masses, that his professional life was founded on a lie. SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature.
Although the book is not historical fiction, and the lives of Cameron and Roark are not based on the lives of real-life individuals, their struggles parallel the battles waged by Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright. Eighteen months later, the Wynand Building is under construction.
Wynand, with Dominique's help, struggles to get out the paper, but it comes back unread. Roark works for him for three years until Cameron's health fails and learns to perfect the great and original talent he possesses.
The novel's climax brings to resolution the struggles of all five of the major characters. Believing that his papers mold public opinion, Wynand defends Roark vociferously in The Banner.
His independence, his commitment to his own rational thinking, and his integrity mark him as a distinctive Ayn Rand hero. Ogden responded by wiring to the head office, "If this is not the book for you, then I am not the editor for you. Initial sales were slow, but they began to rise in latedriven primarily by word of mouth.
To win Keating a prestigious commission offered by Gail Wynand, the owner and editor-in-chief of the Banner, Dominique agrees to sleep with Wynand.
Dominique's inner conflict torments her, and, despite the love between them, it is years before they can happily be together. She both physically resists Roark when he finally comes to her and experiences their lovemaking — "the thing she had thought about, had expected" — as the most powerful experience of her life.
She believes that the way to kill in herself her capacity to respond to Roark is to thoroughly immerse herself in the life of Keating. In exchange for social approval, he is willing to sacrifice any and all of his personal convictions.
Chambers, decided to reject the book. Philosopher Chris Matthew Sciabarra called her "one of the more bizarre characters in the novel". The quarry is owned by Guy Francon.
Roark, like many inventors and creative thinkers of history, struggles to win acceptance for his ideas against the tradition-bound masses, who follow established norms and are fearful of change. At this time comes the announcement for the Cosmo-Slotnick Building, a competition held by a Hollywood company to design the "world's most beautiful building.
When American society falls under the sway of the Classical styles highlighted in the Columbian Exposition ofCameron's modernist ideas are rejected. This was, and remains, her deepest belief.
After graduating from Stanton, Keating works for Guy Francon, the most successful and prestigious architect in the country. But on her way to Reno to obtain the divorce, Dominique stops in the small town of Clayton, Ohio, where Roark is building a small department store.
She therefore conducted extensive research that included reading many biographies and other books about architecture. Dominique, thinking she's found a man even lower than Keating, accepts; she divorces Keating and marries Wynand. She attacks his work in public, but visits him for secret sexual encounters.
By middle age, Keating's career is in decline and he is unhappy with his path, but it is too late for him to change. She points out that, as a benign secondary consequence, a reader witnessing the life of Howard Roark may be inspired to seek his own heroic achievements.
Ellsworth Monkton Toohey is Roark's antagonist. Only at the end of the novel does she accept that she can be happy and survive.
DeMille when he asked her to write a script for what would become the film Skyscraper. The Fountainhead takes place in the United States, mostly in New York City, during the s and s.
It chronicles the struggles of the innovative architect Howard Roark in his effort to achieve success on his own terms. As the story opens, twenty-one-year-old Roark is expelled from the Stanton. The Fountainhead (SparkNotes Literature Guide) (SparkNotes Literature Guide Series) Kindle Edition by SparkNotes (Author) out of 5 stars 2, customer reviews.
See all 2 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Reviews: K. The Fountainhead (SparkNotes Literature Guide) by Ayn Rand Making the reading experience fun! Created by Harvard students for students everywhere, SparkNotes is a new breed of study guide: smarter, better, mobile-concrete-batching-plant.com to what today's students need 5/5(1).
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A summary of Themes in Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Fountainhead and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. American novelist, playwright, non-fiction writer, and philosopher Ayn Rand was born Alisa Rosenbum in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg), Russia in By the time she completed her education at Petrograd State University, she had published her first essay and changed her professional name to Ayn Rand.Fountainhead sparknotes